Publications from the Basic Package of Support research consortium, led by SALDRU

Policy briefs and fact sheets

Basic Package of Support Consortium (2020). Piloting the Basic Package of Support – A call for investment 2020/2021. Cape Town: Produced by Southern Africa Labour and Research Development Unit, University of Cape Town & Centre for Social Development in South Africa, University of Johannesburg, on behalf of the BPS consortium.

This brief is a call for investment in two pilot sites in the Western Cape and Gauteng provinces to test and roll out the Basic Package of Support (BPS) intervention for young people who are not in employment, education or training. It explains the BPS programme, its importance and how it differs from other youth programmes; outlines the BPS components and how these can benefit young people (and, ultimately, their communities); and provides details of the first two pilot sites, including investment sought to reach proof of concept for the programme.


De Lannoy, A., Mudiriza, G. & Smith, C. (2020) The state of youth well-being in South Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Research Development Unit, University of Cape Town & Centre for Social Development in South Africa, University of Johannesburg.

This fact sheet presents the preliminary key findings of a survey of South Africa’s youth that was conducted over three weeks during the COVID-19 lockdown. The survey was undertaken by SALDRU and UNICEF South Africa via UNICEF’s UReport, a social media platform for youth. The poll was in partnership with the Centre for Social Development in Africa, University of Johannesburg; the Children’s Radio Foundation; Youth Capital; and Naspers Labs. The preliminary findings show that the coronavirus pandemic and lockdown have led to multiple and abrupt shocks in young people’s lives, pointing to the urgent need to actively reach out to them and find ways to offer comprehensive support, as they face both the health and socio-economic consequences of the pandemic.


Smith, C., De Lannoy, A. & Rosa, S. (2020) Towards a Basic Package of Support for Young People who are not in Employment, Education or Training (NEET) in South Africa. Policy brief. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town; J-PAL Africa; Centre for Social Development in Africa, University of Johannesburg; The Jobs Fund; Capacity Building Programme for Employment Promotion, Government Technical Advisory Centre & DG Murray Trust.

This brief outlines a proposed policy and programmatic approach for a Basic Package of Support for South Africa’s youth who are NEET. It makes a case for the implementation of this intervention to support young people through integrated, collaborative partnerships between government, the non-profit and private sectors. This approach, which is based on research evidence and international best practice, was developed by the BPS project in consultation with various stakeholders, including young people themselves.

 

Research reports

De Lannoy, A., & Basic Package of Support research consortium (2019) Towards a Basic Package of Support for Young People who are not in Employment, Education or Training (NEET) in South Africa. Project summary report. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town; J-PAL Africa; Centre for Social Development in Africa, University of Johannesburg; The Jobs Fund; Capacity Building Programme for Employment Promotion, & DG Murray Trust.

This report puts forward a proposal for a programmatic intervention that draws on a positive youth development approach. The intervention aims to provide well-targeted, individualised and long-term support to young people while building a local community of practice to support both young people and the services and opportunities that exist for them. The report carefully sets out the various building blocks of such an intervention, founded in a review of international best practices, and concludes with a proposal for a pilot that can be implemented at the local level across different South African municipalities. It also provides a proposal for an overarching, national institutional framework that can both ensure sufficient resource allocation and safeguard the quality, integrity and coherence of the intervention when rolled out at scale.


Breakey, J. & De Lannoy, A. (2019) Towards a Basic Package of Support for Youth in South Africa. Results of two consultation rounds organised with youth in the Western Cape and Gauteng. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town.

This brief research report provides insights gathered through two consultation sessions organised with young people in the Western Cape and Gauteng provinces.

 

Journal articles

De Lannoy, A., Graham, L., Patel, L., & Leibbrandt, M. (2020). Why Is Youth Unemployment So Intractable in South Africa? A Synthesis of Evidence at the Micro-Level. Journal of Applied Youth Studies, 1-17.

In this article, the authors undertook a systematic and robust synthesis of existing evidence published between 1994 and 2018 concerning the factors that contribute to the complex problem of persistently high youth unemployment levels in South Africa, despite significant investments into a variety of Active Labour Market Programmes across the government, private and civil society sectors. This enabled them to consider where the balance of evidence lies, what gaps remain in our understanding of the challenges, and point to the important role that evidence synthesis methods can play in informing planning.

 

Working papers

De Lannoy, A. & Mudiriza, G. (2019) A Profile of Young NEETs: Unpacking the heterogeneous nature of young people not in employment, education or training in South Africa. Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit Working Paper No. 249. Cape Town: SALDRU, University of Cape Town.

This working paper provides an analysis of national datasets for a more detailed understanding of the characteristics of young people who are NEET in South Africa.


Baldry, K., Graham, L., & De Lannoy, A. (2019) The agency and resilience of NEET youth and what we can do to support them. Evidence from a synthesis of qualitative research with young people in South Africa. Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit Working Paper No. 253. Cape Town: SALDRU, University of Cape Town & Centre for Social Development in Africa, University of Johannesburg.

Adding voices of young people to the statistical analysis allows for a more in-depth understanding of how they cope with situations of deprivation and ‘NEET-hood’, and what solutions they themselves suggest. This working paper consolidates available qualitative data on the barriers to youth well-being in South Africa, and young people’s request for supportive interventions.


Graham, L., De Lannoy, A., Rosa, S. & Breakey, J. (2019) Towards a Basic Package of Support for Youth in South Africa. Policy review report and recommendations on an institutional approach. Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit Working Paper No. 254. Cape Town: SALDRU, University of Cape Town & Centre for Social Development in Africa, University of Johannesburg.

This policy review provides an overview of the relevant departments, ministries and agencies that have a mandate to serve youth. It proposes an overarching institutional framework that could ensure sufficient resource allocation to a more comprehensive, integrated approach to support young people who are NEET in the country; and safeguard the quality, integrity and coherence of a programmatic intervention when rolled out at scale.

 

Background reports and summary papers

Kilpatrick, A., & Basic Package of Support research consortium (2019) Basic Package of Support Scoping Report. Cape Town: Southern Africa Labour and Development Research Unit, University of Cape Town; JPAL Africa; Centre for Social Development in Africa, University of Johannesburg; The Jobs Fund; Capacity Building Programme for Employment Promotion & DG Murray Trust.

To better inform the design of a BPS pilot, J-PAL Africa took the lead on an in-depth scoping exercise in a number of areas across the country. This report provides detailed insights and recommendations for the design of a BPS pilot phase.


Nicolaou, K. (2019) Linking the current vision for a Basic Package of Support for young people who are not in employment, education or training (NEET) in South Africa. A summary report of available funding resources located in government programmes and services. Prepared for the Basic Package of Support research coalition, November 2019.

The design of the basic package of support draws on a number of existing services and interventions. This paper outlines where existing government funding streams could be leveraged to fund the implementation of a BPS at scale.

 

Videos

Basic Package of Support Consortium (2020). Basic Package of Support. Cape Town: Produced by Southern Africa Labour and Research Development Unit, University of Cape Town & Centre for Social Development in South Africa, University of Johannesburg, on behalf of/for the BPS consortium.

A three-minute video on the South African Basic Package of Support from a young person’s perspective. The BPS is an activation programme for young people who are not in employment, education or training. It was developed by a consortium of South African researchers, policymakers and youth development initiatives and will be piloted in 2021.


Capacity Building Programme for Employment Promotion (2021). BPSY dialogue. Pretoria: Capacity Building Programme for Employment Promotion, Government Technical Advisory Centre.

This series of eight short videos explains what South Africa’s youth face and need during the transition from education to employment. Featuring interviews with young South Africans as well as stakeholders involved in the BPS project, the videos were produced by the Capacity Building Programme for Employment Promotion, based at the Government Technical Advisory Centre, which is a key project partner.